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Index > Frazaro

A Collection of Esperanto Phrases

(last update 10 Feb 2007)

In this section, you will find some phrases (perhaps useful ones) which I'm collecting from several sources. I learn much better from stock phrases than by grammatical points. Perhaps you will too.

As usual, if I've mistyped something or just got stupid, let me know.

Dave


You can also find a list of Latin phrases with Esperanto translations

Here are a few other webpages with Esperanto phrases:

Esperanto Phrase Book

This page is actually a course in the language, but has a few nice dialogues


This first group of phrases comes from the book Talking Your Way Around the World by Mario Pei, the Chapter titled 'One World Language.'


Greetings and polite expressions:

Bonan matenon. Good Morning
Bonan tagon. Good day, Good afternoon.
Bonan vesperon. Good evening
Bonan nokton. Good night.
Adiaux. Good bye.
Gxis revido See you later.
Gxis la. See ya!
Gxis. Later!
Gxis Morgaux. See you tomorrow.
Saluton. Hello! Greetings! (greeting or telephone answer.)
Kiel vi fartas? How are you?
Kiel viaj aferoj iras? How are things?
Tre bone. Very well.
Dankon, (or) Mi dankas. Thank You.
Tute ne. Don't mention it.
Mi petas, (or) Bonvolu. Please.
Pardonu. Pardon me. Excuse me.
Ne gravas. It doesn't matter. Never mind.
Mi bedauxras. I'm sorry.
Estas nenio It's nothing.

Shopping and Eating:

Kiel mi povas vin servi? What can I do for you?
Kion vi deziras? What do you wish?
Mi deziras... I should like...
Cxu vi bonvole donos al mi...? Will you please give me...?
Montru al mi... Show me...
Portu al mi... Bring me...

To complete these phrases, choose any of the following words:

Pecon - (a piece)
Da (of)
Pano (bread)
Sapo (soap)
Cigaredoj (cigarettes)
Cigaroj (cigars)
Trancxajxon (a slice) Lakto (milk)
Paketon (a pack) Biero (beer)
Skatolon (a box) Vino (wine)
Botelo (a bottle) Teo (tea)
Glason (a glass) Kafo (coffee)

Tason (a cup)

Akvo (water)
Bovlo (a bowl) Supo (soup)

In combination:

Mi deziras paketon da sapo. I should like a pack of soap.
Mi petas, montru al mi kelkajn kravatojn. Please show me some neckties.
Bonvolu porti al mi tason da teo. Please bring me a cup of tea.
Bonvolu porti al mi botelon da akvo. Please bring me a bottle of water.

Handy shopping expressions:

Kiom kostas? How much is it?
Tro multe. Too much.
Rigardu! Look!
Ion pli? Anything else?
Nenion pli Nothing else.

Language talk:

Mi komprenas vin. I understand you.
Vi ne komprenas min. You don't understand me.
Cxu li komprenas? Does he understand?
Sxi komprenis ilin. She understood them.
Ni ne komprenos gxin We will not understand it.
Komprenu tion! Understand this!
Cxu vi parolas Esperante? (angle, france, germane, hispane, itale)? Do you speak Esperanto (English, French, German, Spanish, Italian)?
(Tre) iomete (Very) little
Mi petas, parolu pli malrapide.

Please speak more slowly.

Cxu vi komprenas (scias)? Do you understand (know)?
Mi ne komprenas (scias). I don't understand (know).
Pri kio vi parolas? What are you talking about.
Kion vi volas diri? What do you mean?
Kiel oni diras ...... esperante? How does one say ...... in Esperanto?
Kiel oni nomas tion? What does one call that?
Mi estas Usonano.

I'm an American.


Directions:

Cxu vi povas diri al mi...? Can you tell me?
Kie estas...? Where is. where are?
Kien vi (ni) iras? Where are you (we) going?
En kiu direkto? Which way?
Jen estas. Here is, here are.
Cxi tien. This way.
Tien. That way.
Dekstren, Maldekstren. To the right, To the left.
Rekte antauxen.

straight ahead.

Venu kun mi. Come with me.

Places to go: Combine 'Kie estas' with:

la pregxejo the church
la katedralo the cathedral
la hotelo the hotel
la necesejo the lavatory
la mangxejo the dining room
la stacio the station
la dogano the customs

Or in combination:

Pardonu, cxu vi povas diri al mi kie estas la stacio? Pardon me, can you tell me where the station is?
En kiu direkto estas la mangxejo Which way is the dining room?
Kie mi povas trovi bonan hotelon? Where can I find a good hotel?
Cxu ni iras al la pregxejo? Are we going to the church?

People you may need: Mi deziras...

la direktoron the manager
policanon a policeman
kuraciston a doctor
portiston a porter
la Usonan konsulon the American consul
Mi deziras kuraciston. I want a doctor.
Alvoku policanon. Send for a policeman.

Discusing the weather:

Pluvas. It's raining.
Negxas. It's snowing.
Estas bona (malbona) vetero. It's fine (bad) weather.
Estas varme (malvarme). It's warm (cold).
Estas al mi varme (malvarme). I'm warm (cold).


The following phrases came from the Comprehensive Esperanto English Dictionary (CEED) by Peter Benson. I've noticed a few typos in this dictionary and I dislike a few of his suggesed words, but the sample phrases in the work are a great boon to clarity. The phrases appear in no particular order and I'll add to them as time passes.

Iliaj agoj lasas min senkomprena. Their actions leave me at a loss.
La situacio lasas min nekapabla scii kion fari. The situation leaves me at a loss to know what to do.
Varmigi gxin Make it hot.
Tago destinita por piknikoj A day made for picnics
100 centimetrojn sumas metron 100 centimeters make a meter
Sxi estis luda princino She was a make-believe princess
Elteni sen Make do without
La tasko estis malfacila, sed ni sukcesis en gxi The task was hard, but managed it
Vi sxajnas cxagrenita You sound bothered.
Oni devas uzi specialan oleon por tio One must use a special oil for that